On October 19, 2015, the Caspian Center for Energy and Environment (CCEE) of ADA University held a round-table discussion on “Conserving Biodiversity in Developing Countries” with Prof. David Macdonald. Prof. Macdonald is the Director of the Wildlife Conservation Research Unit (WildCRU) in the Department of Zoology at the Oxford University. In his presentation, the Professor took the audience on a tour of the ‘7 deadly sins’ of conservation including topics such as habitat loss, persecution, invasive species and wildlife diseases. He set the scene for the current state of conservation through illustrated examples drawing on the research carried out by WildCRU over the last 25 years. All of the research had delivered practical outcomes, tackling complicated issues with solutions as diverse as vaccination programs to theatre groups. The main question that the discussion focused was on how would the scientific communities, along with wider society, address conservation in the future.